His Physical Attributes
1. God is omnipresent.
He is present everywhere at the same time, observing and watching everything we do. David wrote, "Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence? If I go up to the heavens, you are there; if I make my bed in the depths, you are there. If I rise on the wings of the dawn, if I settle on the far side of the sea, even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast." (Psalm 139:7-10 NIV). God spoke through the prophet Jeremiah, "Am I a God at hand, saith the Lord, and not a God afar off? Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the Lord. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the Lord." (Jeremiah 23:23-24 KJV). Both the writer of 2 Chronicles and Zechariah speak of the eyes of God which run to and fro throughout the whole earth. "For the eyes of the Lord run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to shew himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward him." (2 Chronicles 16:9 KJV). Paul in his discourse to the people of Athens stated, "That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after him, and find him, though he be not far from every one of us." (Acts 17:27 KJV). What a comfort to know that no matter where we go, He is always there with us, a "very present help in trouble." (Psalm 46:1 KJV).
2. God is omniscient.
God knows everything. He knows and sees our actions. He knows our thoughts, and He knows our heart. In 1 Samuel 16:7 (KJV), we read, "The Lord seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the Lord looketh on the heart." The Psalmist wrote in 44:21 (KJV), "For He knoweth the secrets of the heart." David wrote in Psalm 139 (KJV), "O Lord, thou hast searched me, and known me. Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off. Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways. For there is not a word in my tongue, but, lo, O Lord, thou knowest it altogether. Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me. Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high, I cannot attain unto it." God also knows the future. He knows what is going to happen before it happens. Nothing surprises God, nor catches Him unaware. The Lord said through the prophet Isaiah, "Behold the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them." (Isaiah 42:9 KJV). Peter, in his sermon during Pentecost, said that Jesus was delivered to be crucified "by the foreknowledge of God." (Acts 2:23 KJV).
The Bible teaches that God knows the future, not that he predetermines the future. While He may know what is going to happen tomorrow, He is not a prisoner of His foreknowledge. He can alter the future and His purposes according to His divine will and wisdom. God was fustrated and angry at the people of Israel as He led them to the promised land because of their unbelief. God had planned on smiting them with a pestilence and disinheriting them, but Moses, interceding for the people, caused God to pardon them and change His plans. (Numbers 14:11-20). Hezekiah was sick and close to death. In prayer, he wept before God. God heard Hezekiah and healed him, adding 15 more years to his life. Some argue that God predetermines the future, specifically that it has been predetermined or predestined who will be saved and who will not. While God may know who will be saved, He has not predetermined who will be. Jesus' call was to "whosoever will, come and take the water of life."
It was foreordained that the Messiah would be betrayed, and that He would be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver. It was not predetermined who this person would be. It could have been anyone, but it turned out to be Judas. When the Bible speaks of predestination, it refers to the church or to believers in association with the church. God has predestined His church to be (1) called (Romans 8:30); (2) justified (Romans 3:24); (3) glorified (Romans 8:30); (4) conformed to the image of His Son (Romans 8:29); (5) holy and without blame (Ephesians 1:4); (6) adopted as children (Ephesians 1:5); (7) redeemed (Ephesians 1:7); (8) receivers of an inheritance (Ephesians 1:14); (9) for the praise of His glory (Ephesians 1:12 and 1 Peter 2:9); (10) recipients of the Holy Ghost (Ephesians 1:13, Galatians 3:14 and Acts 2:4,16) and (11) created for good works (Ephesians 2:10).