Old Testament Prophecies (continued)
21. Jesus mocked by the crowd (Psalms 22:7-8 - fulfilled in Matthew 27:29,41-44; Mark 15:18,29-32; Luke 23:35-39). David said in his psalm that all who see him laugh him to scorn, saying that he trusted in God to deliver him; let's see if God will do it. This was fulfilled by the Roman soldiers, the mob gathered along the roadside as Jesus carried the cross, and by the crowd gathered at Golgotha. "They that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads..... If he be the King of Israel, let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe him. He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God."
22. Casting lots for Jesus' robe (Psalms 22:18 - fulfilled in Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34; John 19:24). "They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture," said David. This was fulfilled when the Roman soldiers cast lots for Jesus' robe.
23. Messiah's hands, feet and side pierced (Psalms 22:16; Zechariah 12:10 - fulfilled in John 19:37; 20:25; Revelation 1:7). Crucifixion was carried out by nailing the victims hands and feet to a wooden beam. David wrote in the Psalms, "they have pierced my hands and feet." Zechariah the prophet said they would look upon Him who they have pierced. John later quoted this prophecy. John said when Jesus returns in the clouds, people will again look upon Him who they have pierced. Thomas declared he could not believe Jesus is risen unless he sees the print of the nails in his hands and thrusts his hand into His side.
24. None of Messiah's bones broken (Psalms 34:20 - fulfilled in John 19:31-36). Crucifixon was a horrible, slow and agonizing death. But death came not from pain, but most often from suffocation. A small support was given under the feet which the victim pushed upon to aid in breathing, this being done while the feet were nailed to the support. After several hours or days of hanging on the cross, one became to weak to push up. In the case of Jesus, since it was near the Sabbath and the Jews had requested no bodies be left on the crosses, the Romans broke the legs of the two thieves so they could no longer push on the support, thus bringing death quickly. When they came to Jesus, He had already given up His spirit and they did not have to break His legs. John quoted the Psalms in his book, "These things were done that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken."
25. The Messiah commits His spirit to God (Psalms 31:5 - fulfilled in Luke 23:46). David cries in this psalm, "In thee, O Lord, do I put my trust; let me never be ashamed; deliver me in thy righteousness..... Pull me out of the net that they have laid privily for me.... Into thine hand I commit my spirit; thou hast redeemed me, O Lord God of truth." This was fulfilled when Jesus spoke these words just before His death, "Father, into thy hands, I commend my spirit."
26. The Messiah is hated without cause (Psalms 35:19 - fulfilled in John 15:25). Jesus warned His disciples that, as the world hated Him, the world would hate His disciples also. "But this cometh to pass," Jesus said, "that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause."
27. Christ will do God's will (Psalms 40:6-8 - fulfilled in John 6:38; Hebrews 10:5-9). David said "I delight to do thy will." Jesus said that He came down from heaven, not to do His will, but the will of the Father who sent Him. The writer of Hebrews speaking of Jesus quoted the passage in Psalms 40.
28. The Messiah betrayed by a friend for 30 pieces of silver (Psalms 41:9; Zechariah 11:12-13 - fulfilled in Matthew 27:1-10; John 13:18, 17:1-5). The Psalmist said "Mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me." The was fulfilled when Judas left the room of the Last Supper to betray.
29. His throne will be forever (Psalms 45:6-7; 102:25-27 - fulfilled Hebrews 1:8-12) "But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom."
30. The Messiah given vinegar to drink (Psalms 69:21 - fulfilled in John 19:29) "In my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink," the Psalmist said. This was fulfilled when the Roman soldiers gave Jesus vinegar to drink in His last moments on the cross.
31. The Messiah will teach in parables (Psalms 78:2 - fulfilled in Matthew 13:34-35) Jesus often taught the people using parables (an earthly story with a heavenly meaning) where He would use common events or situations of the time and apply them to spiritual truths.
32. Jesus exalted at the right hand of God (Psalms 110:1 - fulfilled in Acts 2:34-35, 7:55-56; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Ephesians 1:20-22; Hebrews 1:13, 10:12-13) The writer of Hebrews said of Jesus, "After he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; from henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool."
33. The Stone which the builders rejected (Psalms 118:22-23 - fulfilled in Matthew 21:42-44; Mark 12:10-12; Luke 20:17-19; Acts 4:10-11; 1 Peter 2:7-8) "The stone which the builder's refused," David wrote, "is become the head stone of the corner."
34. The Stone will make men stumble (Isaiah 8:14 - fulfilled in Romans 9:32-33; 1 Peter 2:7-8; Matthew 21:44) Jesus can be compared the water of the Great Flood. The same water which was responsible for destroying millions also saved Noah and his family by lifting up the ark and gently carrying it through the flood's duration. Those under the water perished, those on top were saved. Those who fall on the Stone shall be broken, but those upon whom the Stone falls shall be crushed.
35. The Messiah will be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14 - fulfilled in Matthew 1:18-23; Luke 1:26-35) "Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign," Isaiah wrote, "behold a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel."
36. Christ will minister in Galilee (Isaiah 9:1-2 - fulfilled in Matthew 4:13-16; Mark 1:14-15; Luke 4:14-15) After leaving Nazareth, Jesus came to Capernaum on the coast of the Sea of Galilee to fulfill what Isaiah spoke, "The people which sat in darkness saw great light."
37. The Messiah comes from the ancestry of David (2 Samuel 7:12-17; Isaiah 9:6-7, 11:1,10; Jeremiah 23:5-6 - fulfilled in Matthew 1:1,6,16; Luke 1:31-33) The angel told Mary, "He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David." Jesus said concerning Himself, "I and the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star." (Revelation 22:16).
38. The Messiah will bring salvation to the Gentiles (Isaiah 11:10, 49:5-6, 60:1-3; Amos 9:11-12 - fulfilled in Acts 13:45-48, 15:7-19; Romans 15:5-16; Galatians 3:13-14) It was through the Jews that God chose to send forth His Son to be a light to them and to the Gentiles as well. Peter said, "Men and brethren, ye know how that a good while ago God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the word of the gospel, and believe. And God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did unto us; and put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith."
39. Jesus will hold the key of David (Isaiah 22:21-22 - fullfilled in Revelation 3:7) Jesus said to the church at Philadelphia, "These things saith he that is holy, he that is ture, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth."
40. The Messiah will work miracles (Isaiah 35:1-6 - fulfilled in Matthew 11:2-6) "God will come and save you," Isaiah wrote, "Then the eyes of hte blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. Then shall the lame man leap as an hart (deer), and the tongue of the dumb sing." Jesus worked many miracles to confirm the words which He spoke. To the crowd, Jesus uttered, "So that you know that I have power to forgive sins," He then turned to the man with the palsy, "I say to you rise and walk." (Matthew 9:4-8).
41. Jesus will have a forerunner (Isaiah 40:1-5; Malachi 3:1 - fulfilled in Matthew 3:1-3, 11:7-10; Mark 1:2-4; Luke 3:4-6, 7:24-27; John 1:23) Isaiah spoke, "The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God." This was fulfilled through the ministry of John the Baptist who prepared the way for Jesus.
42. Israel as a whole will reject the Messiah (Isaiah 6:8-10, 53:1-3, 65:1-3 - fulfilled in John 12:37-41; Romans 10:12-21) "Who hath believed our report?" Isaiah said. "Though he had done so many miracles before them," John said, "yet they believed not on him."
43. The Messiah will suffer (Isaiah 53:1-12 - fulfilled in John 18:19-23, 19:1-6, 17-18, 30; Acts 2: 22-24, 8:29-25; 1 Peter 1:18-21, 2:21-25) "He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief," Isaiah penned. "He was wounded for our transgression, he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed..... He was oppressed, and he was afflicted..... for the transgression of my people was he stricken." Peter wrote that Jesus "bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed." (1 Peter 2:24).
44. The Messiah buried in a rich man's tomb (Isaiah 53:9 - fulfilled in Matthew 27:57-60) "He made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death," Isaiah prophesied. This was fulfilled with Joseph of Arimathaea, a disciple of Jesus, went to Pilate and begged for the body of Jesus, and laid it in his own new tomb.
45. The Messiah will be without sin (Isaiah 53:9 - fulfilled in Hebrews 4:15, 9:28; 1Peter 2:21-23) The prophet Isaiah said that the Messiah "had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth." The word "violence", taken from the Hebrew word "chamac", means "violence, cruelty, wrong, injustice, or unrighteousness". The writer of Hebrews said he "was tempted, yet without sin." Peter added that Jesus "did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth."
46. He will be numbered with transgressors (Isaiah 53:12 - fulfilled in Mark 15:25-28) "He was numbered with the transgressors", Isaiah wrote, "and he bare the sin of many." This was fulfilled when Jesus was crucified with two thieves.
47. The Deliverer will come from Zion (Isaiah 59:20-21 - fulfilled in Romans 11:26-27) Paul told the Romans, "There shall come out of Sion (Zion) the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: for this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins."
48. Gentiles will worship Him (Isaiah 60:1-4; Psalms 18:49, 117:1 - fulfilled in Matthew 2:9-11; Romans 15:9-11) "O Praise the Lord, all ye nations: praise him, all ye people," David penned in the Psalms. Gentiles, or non-Jews, were referred to as "heathen" or "nations" in the Old Testament. Paul quoted these passages in his letter to the Romans, "Rejoice, ye Gentiles..... Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people."
49. God will send a Shepherd (Ezekiel 34:22-31, 37:21-28 - fulfilled in John 10:1-16; Hebrews 13:20-21; 1 Peter 2:25, 5:4) God expressed His anger against His pastors and priests through Jeremiah, "Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture!..... Ye have scattered my flock, and driven them away, and have not visited them." God promised He would "set up shepherds over them which shall feed them, and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be lacking." Then God promised that He would "raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and proper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth." Judah will be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely, and He shall be called, The Lord Our Righteousness. (Jeremiah 23:1-6). "I am the good shepherd," Jesus said. "The good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep..... I know my sheep, and am known of mine."
50. Rachel weeping for her children (Jeremiah 31:15 - fulfilled in Matthew 2:16-18) In a dream, the wise men who visited the boy Jesus were warned not to return to see Herod. Returning to their land a different way, Herod became angry and commanded that all children two years old and under be killed, attempting to kill the Messiah rumored to be alive somewhere in his kingdom. The great cry of mourning and grief that went up fulfilled the prophecy of Jeremiah, "In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not."